The Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court has ruled that a detoxification program was “reasonable medical treatment” and upheld an Order granting a suspension of wage loss benefits. Under the Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act, if an injured employee (the “claimant”) refuses reasonable treatment, the employee shall forfeit all rights to compensation for any increase in incapacity resulting from such refusal. Treatment has been deemed “reasonable” if it is highly probable that the treatment will cure the health problem and enhance the claimant’s prospects for gainful and fulfilling employment. In the case of Bereznicki v. W.C.A.B. (Eat “N Park Hospitality Group), the employer offered the claimant entry into a detox program and claimant refused the offer. The employer filed a suspension petition, alleging that the claimant refused reasonable medical treatment.
In support of their Petition, the employer offered expert medical testimony which indicated that the claimant was taking various medications (Methadone, Oxycodone, Neurontin, Alprazolam, Zanaflex, Effexor, Wellbutrin, Depakote and Etodolac) and that a chronic pain management program would allow claimant to return to normal neurologic function by decreasing the toxic doses of the medications. The employer’s medical expert also noted that any program that would decrease the toxic dose of the opioids would be in claimant’s best medical interest, that a supervised detox program entails very little risk and that although such a program would not help her return to her pre-injury job, it would make it possible for her to function with activities of daily living.
The WCJ ruled that, while the detox program would not guarantee that the claimant could return to her pre-injury job, an improvement of functioning would make it possible for claimant to work. Thus, the WCJ decided that the claimant refused reasonable medical treatment that would improve her ability to function and return to work.
The Commonwealth Court has upheld the WCJ’s decision in stating that a detox program would wean the claimant from toxic doses of medication, curing that health problem, and would allow the claimant to return to normal functioning and enhancing her prospects for gainful and fulfilling employment. Although the detox program would not return the claimant to her pre-injury job, her refusal of such treatment certainly increased her incapacity.